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拠点構成員(富山大学 および 人間文化研究機構)


今村 弘子
名誉教授
研究関心:中国と北朝鮮との経済関係,中国の労働(失業)問題
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馬 俊
教授(経済学部)/拠点長
研究関心:労働経済学,組織の経済学,人的資源管理
富山大学研究者総覧

和田 直也
教授(大学院理工学研究部 兼担)
研究関心:山岳域の気候変動と植物の成長履歴から見る高山生態系の環境変動,寒冷地植物の繁殖様式と遺伝的多様性
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杉浦 幸之助
教授(大学院理工学研究部(都市デザイン学部))
研究関心:寒冷圏の雪氷変動や降積雪,吹雪.植生・土壌・大気などと積雪との関係性
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山本 雅資
教授
研究関心:環境経済学.東アジアを中心とした国際資源循環の問題
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金 奉吉
教授(経済学部)
開発経済学.貿易・産業政策
富山大学研究者総覧

伊藤 岳
研究員(人間文化研究機構).非常勤講師(経済学部)
2018年10月より広島大学大学院国際協力研究科・助教に転出
研究関心:国際関係論,特に武力紛争・内戦論.計量分析およびコンピュータ・シミュレーション,特に空間データ・地理情報システム(GIS)を用いた実証分析
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履歴書(curriculum vitae, last updated: June 2, 2018)

博士論文:Process, Termination, and Outcome: A Spatial Analysis of the Causes and Consequences of Violence in Civil Conflicts (University of Tokyo).
Abstract: Civil conflict has been a dominant form of organized violence in human history that can result in massive destruction of the economy, society, and human lives. Besides the causes of initial onset, understanding and preventing civil conflict requires explanation of its two-fold variations. First, violence in civil war varies in the frequency and manner of how it is applied even within single conflicts. Why do the frequency and manner of civil war violence vary across subnational localities? What determines where and how violence occurs in civil conflicts? Second, history tells us that the duration and outcomes vary across civil conflicts. What determines the duration and outcome of civil conflicts? More importantly, do the micro-level dynamics of battles significantly influence conflict duration and outcome at the macro level?

This dissertation investigates these twofold questions at the micro- or subnational-level causes and macro- or country-level consequences of violence in civil conflicts. Taking the contributions of previous studies as the point of departure, this dissertation departs from the single-level approach, which has focused on either micro- or macro-level determinants of the variations observed within civil conflicts. The first part of the empirical analysis in this dissertation explores the micro-level causes of civil war violence. Specifically, it aims to disentangle the impacts of two main classes of determinants of civil war violence found in the previous literature —— the first class includes the set of static factors that are mostly exogenous to conflict dynamics, and the second includes the dynamic factors that are largely endogenous to the dynamics of battles. The computational model incorporated with precisely geo-referenced data demonstrates the importance of endogenous diffusion dynamics in determining where and how violence unfolds during civil conflicts. Diffusion dynamics matter in improving our capability to explain and predict insurgent violence, but they matter relatively more in explaining selective violence and less in predicting indiscriminate violence.

The second part of the empirical analysis examines the macro-level consequences of civil war violence by analyzing how the micro-level dynamics of violence translate into the macro-level variations of civil war duration and outcome. Building upon the bargaining model of war, this dissertation explores the associations between micro-level conflict dynamics and macro-level variations in conflict termination. The two chapters in the second part of the analysis posit that the spatio-temporal dynamics of violence that occur during conflict substantially influence when and how civil conflict ends by altering the severity of the underlying bargaining problems. The relative importance of diffusion dynamics depends on how battles diffuse rather than whether battles diffuse because the different diffusion dynamics affect the expectations and underlying power balance between disputants differently. The empirical results provide strong support for the following theoretical claim: while diffusion of battle activities across distant localities substantially lowers the likelihood of conflict termination regardless of outcome types, their diffusion within proximate localities matters less in altering the prospects for domestic peace.

富山大学経済学部担当講義用資料

丸尾 文乃
非常勤研究員
研究関心:北東アジア山岳域における森林資源量の評価.蘚苔類の繁殖生態学

拠点構成員(学外)

  • 戴 二彪 主席研究員(アジア成長研究所)
  • 清野 達之 准教授(筑波大学山岳科学センター井川演習林)
  • 露木 聡 教授(東京大学大学院 農学生命科学研究科)

研究協力者

  • Inkyo Cheong 教授(韓国 仁荷大学)
  • Fengqi Zhou 研究員/主任(中国上海社会科学院)
  • Sebin Kim 教授(韓国 忠南大学)
  • Bryanin Semyon Vidimirovich 研究員(ロシア科学アカデミー 地質学・自然管理研究所)
  • Irina Borisova 研究員(ロシア科学アカデミー極東支部植物園研究所アムール支所)